The Amazon rainforest is the largest rainforest on earth, and encompasses 7 million square kilometres across 9 countries (Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana).
Amazonian biodiversity is reportedly the highest in the world and contains approximately 2.5million insect species, 40,000 plant species, 3,000 fish species, 1,294 species, 427 mammal species, and 807 species of Herptofauna.
Around 400-500 indigenous Amerindian tribes live in the rainforest. It’s believed that about fifty of these tribes have never had contact with the outside world.
Intensive flooding and climate change is estimated to have killed around 2,000,000
Crushed termites can be used as a mosquito repellent.
Bark from the Capirona trees can be used to cure sun burn.
The Huasai tree is used as a malaria cure.
The Capinuri tree is used as a morning sickness and period cramp recipe.
The sap of the Pondillo tree is used to make a glue and remove bot fly larvae from the skin. the bark is used to make a kidney pain cure.
The Ajosacha tree is used to make an arthritis remedy.
About 25% of all drugs are made from rainforest ingredients but it is estimated that scientists have only 1% of tropical plants have been tested for medicinal uses.
The rainforest floods from June to October, as the snowmelt from the Peruvian Andes makes the water in the Amazon River rise 30-45 ft.
Sloths make a low whistling noise and have fur that grows towards their head.